At the beheading of Medusa, Pegasus and Chrysaor (Poseidon's and her children) sprang from her severed neck. 25 Oct 2020. Freud considered that as a result, she became the unapproachable woman who repels all sexual desire by carrying (symbolically) the genitals of the mother . When Percy receives the head once again, he realizes what Poseidon means and offers to use it to stop his mother's abusive husband Gabe Ugliano. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Following decades-long attempts to persuade male-dominated industries that hiring women brought advantages and an expansion of the talent pool, the moral panic of #MeToo has served only to reveal the disadvantages of employing women. ["Das Medusenhaupt." Individuals and companies have seen how they can manipulate public sympathy about sexual abuse to their own advantage. But firms are now realizing this danger. Ironically, rather than celebrating female power, Garbati’s statue is instead a fitting symbol of the way a campaign that began well has, once again, made men mistrust women. The other Gorgons, Stheno and Euryale, only have snakes for hair. It was foretold to Danae's father, Acrisius the King of Argos, that Danae's son would kill him. Medusa wandered Africa for some time. Perseus agreed to the challenge and left right away. Censorship of the Hunter Biden story shows Twitter & Facebook have a big dog in the US political fight, Shut up, spoilt Londoners! Some stories claim that he used it to turn the titan Atlas to stone. Perseus is able to overcome the monster with the powerful head of Medusa and is able to save Andromeda (who later becomes his wife). Quick as thought he thrust the terrible head into his magic pouch and leaped again into the air, and flew away with the speed of the wind. Trans. Sándor Ferenczi, 'Nakedness as a Means of Inspiring Terror' in, This page was last edited on 17 May 2020, at 16:36. I’m working with what they worked with at the time. It is unclear if Perseus took Pegasus with him on his following adventures or if he continued to utilize the winged sandals Hermes gave him. Equating decapitation with castration, Freud maintained that the terror of Medusa was a reflection of the castration complex aroused in the young boy when the sight of the female genitals brought home the truth that females have no penis. “The sculpture was made in 2008. They scour the island for Medusa’s killer but they are unable to find Perseus because of the gifts that were offered to him by the gods. Brittany is a freelance writer and Classical Latin and Ancient Greek tutor. While she is begged for more statues, Sally assures Percy that she disposed of Medusa's head rather than use it again. “Have a few minutes? While working on her piece, MacMurray read the seminal 1976 essay “The Laugh of Medusa” by French feminist Hélène Cixous for inspiration. “I was a teenager in the 1970s,” she said. This presented Poseidon with a unique opportunity – he would be able to pursue Medusa as a love interest and assert his superiority as a more powerful deity. “That’s a formal decision. The head can turn anyone that looks directly at it to stone, even though it isn't alive. Medusa's head after being cut off by Percy Jackson. After Gabe demands meat loaf, Sally seems to decide to use the head as Percy describes her as seeming to consider what Gabe would look like as a garden statue. is an artist, art critic and author. , Medusa's head as a symbol of horror was classically worn upon her dress by the virgin goddess Athena. Later authors such as Herodotus and Pausanias place the Gorgons' abode in Libya. The second to come forth from Medusa’s neck is Chrysaor. On his travels home, Perseus used the head of Medusa to turn his enemies to stone. Think your friends would be interested? This symbol was thought to keep evil away from those who invoked its protection by wearing it as a pendant. Garcia, Brittany. Her sisters (Stheno and Euryale) are also transformed. Later analysts have linked the Medusa's effect of petrification to the freezing effect of fear. The first is that Medusa is no longer a virgin – though she was deflowered against her will. The power of Medusa’s head is seen again when Perseus encountered the Titan Atlas. Medusa's Head is a spoil of war obtained by killing the Gorgon Medusa. Together, they were known to have birthed some of the most fearsome creatures in Greek mythology. It also ties our healing to revenge and casts the semblance of justice that comes from the judicial system as retribution as opposed to accountability.”, Even with her detractors, Medusa has become iconographic in the #MeToo era. According to legend, after Perseus beheaded Medusa, he was traveling back to save his mother when he happened upon Atlas – the giant Titan who held up the sky. Medusa becomes pregnant and is both angered and confused. He plots to kill Perseus so that he may marry the young hero’s mother, but Perseus is able to stop the attack by using Medusa’s head to turn Polydectes and his accomplices to stone. … According to Hesiod's Theogony, the Gorgons were the sisters of the Graiai and lived in the utmost place towards the night by the Hesperides beyond Oceanus. The mother and son were rescued by Dictys on the island of Seriphos. She appeals to Athena and asks that the goddess give her wisdom and advice in how to move forward. Medusa was a formidable foe, since her hideous appearance was able to render any onlooker into stone. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. She’s a size 16. When Perseus confessed that he had no gift, he offered any gift the king would name. A person can only look at Medusa's eyes from a reflection, otherwise they're turned into a stone statue. All rights reserved. Gianni Versace chose a rendering of Medusa’s head for his brand’s logo; decades later, it is still the emblem. By refusing to draw distinctions between actual crimes, ethical/professional infractions, and consensual (but regretted) sex, the movement became diffusely broad. The gods give him gifts to help him on his journey. Someone had put a bouquet of flowers at her feet; a passerby removed them. Once Perseus returned, he learned of King Polydectes' unwanted advances on his mother and turned him to stone. You don’t think, ‘I will do this violently.’”, Tarana J. Burke, the activist who started the #MeToo movement, posted a photo of the sculpture on Instagram, with a big red X crossing it out. However, her time as a beautiful maiden was not to last forever. MacMurray has made a series of garment sculptures, which she calls “almost self-portraits.” It began after her husband died in 2009, and she made a piece called “Widow.” From far away, it looks like a feathered gown with a long train; look closer and it’s made up of almost 10,000 silver dressmaker’s pins. Some versions claim that Medusa was swayed by Poseidon’s advances and developed feelings for him as well. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. He knew that Perseus could not provide a proper gift. She maintains a personal blog and Facebook page about on news of the Ancient World. At Annabeth's suggestion, they take it with them in case it could be used as a weapon. Some took issue with the fact that this visual ode to feminism was completed by a man. She’s so strong, the male gaze gets reflected back… I wanted her to be voluptuous. Medusa’s blood is also credited with creating the Amphisbaena – a fearsome creature that resembled a dragon and had a snake’s head on the end of its tail. Though Medusa was known to be a desirable young maiden, she decided to pledge herself to Athena – the goddess she considered to be the most powerful of all those who resided on Mount Olympus. A seven-foot statue of Medusa holding a man’s severed head was unveiled in New York this week. So far both demigods who have cut off Medusa's head have had the same name, but different fathers: Perseus, son of Zeus, and Perseus Jackson, son of Poseidon. Their anger for being wrongfully punished made them turn against the mortals of the world in spite – they would all go on to kill many men, though Stheno would be the most vengeful of the three. Also during the journey home, Medusa's head spilled some blood on the earth which formed into Libyan vipers that killed the Argonaut Mospos. The Met exhibited classical pieces depicting Medusa back in in 2018, charting her cultural transformation “from grotesque to beautiful.”. Similarly to the above powers, one drop of blood had the cure to any disease or poison, while the other drop of blood was the most deadly power in the world. Last week, it was unveiled outside of the courthouse that hosted Harvey Weinstein’s rape trial earlier this year, at which the disgraced producer was sentenced to 23 years in prison. (2013, August 20). He believed that the viewing of a woman’s genitals (especially a mother’s genitals) in their adult state would have posed a real terror for young men and thought that the story of Medusa could have been created to symbolize this idea. It has been a common subject for artists since. Lastly – but perhaps most interestingly – the blood of the famous Gorgon is thought to have been the reason that the corals of the Red Sea were formed. Why does the only possibility of power be for someone to destroy someone else? She doesn’t know what to do – she had planned on devoting the rest of her life to Athena. Medusa alone was cursed to be so ugly that anyone looking at her would turn to stone. Bad Robot has a history of presenting itself as a pro-social-justice company. Tonally, the piece is the opposite of “Perseus with the Head of Medusa,” completed by Benvenuto Cellini in 1554. It was after the Gorgon sisters were wrongfully punished by Athena that their horrific transformation really began. When people reacted to it in 2018, no one knew who was behind the sculpture, so what is the point [of caring that a man made it]? The word Gorgon derives from the ancient Greek word "γοργός" meaning "fierce, terrible and grim." Web. “Some people are mad at this, because of...” the woman whispered, while gesturing wearily in the direction of Medusa’s hairless crotch. We, all together. But she wants her triumph to be about more than mere retaliation. Acrisius, not wanting to provoke Zeus, hurled his daughter and grandson in a wooden chest into the sea. W., 17,47. The head can turn anyone that looks directly at it to stone, even though it isn't alive. Perseus knew that he would be unable to fight of Atlas on his own, but with quick thinking realizes that he can use Medusa’s head to his advantage. As Perseus traveled throughout the land significant changes began to happen as the drops of blood from Medusa’s head began to fall. Books “For centuries, Medusa has been used to criticize powerful women,” Johnson wrote. Beyond the Gorgon's birth, there is little mention of the Gorgons as a group, but Medusa has several myths about her life and death. You don’t want a perpetual cycle of being turned into a monster again and again.”, MacMurray’s sculpture is flexible, and the artist says that people always want to reach out and grab it. For six months, this sculpture, made by the Argentinian-Italian artist Luciano Garbati, will be situated facing the Manhattan Supreme Court, where Harvey Weinstein was prosecuted and convicted of sex crimes against actresses and female film-production staff. © Autonomous Nonprofit Organization “TV-Novosti”, 2005–2020. She doesn’t have any sympathy towards Medusa. That’s the boundary she’s setting—you come for me, I will defend myself.”, But if she is interpreted as a monument to vigilantism, why put her outside a courthouse?
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