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January 25, 2016

types of anatomy

The terms superior and inferior are used when referring to parts of the body which are toward an end of the body.

Stains are added to these dissected samples to enhance visibility and highlight important structures. Your email address will not be published. For example, the parietal pericardium lines the pericardial cavity. It cannot be said that the head is above the torso if the person is lying down. Zootomy , or the anatomical study of animals. Despite this fact, it is almost impossible to explain anatomy without going into some physiology and vice versa so some physiological concepts will be introduced in this book. The arms are straight out along the torso with the palms of the hands upward.

Superficial is a used to describe structures that are closer to the exterior surface of the body. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Gross anatomy, or the branch of anatomy has a large-scale focus on organs and body structures as a whole. This wikibook will hopefully give you a good understanding of what your body is made of and of how it develops. Also known as histology. It deals with the study of the internal structure of an animal including the cells, tissues, organs, bones and other organs of the animal body. 9.5 Types of Body Movements; 9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints; 9.7 Development of Joints; Chapter 10. It simply means that the lungs are closer to the head than the bowels. Positional terms help in locating structures by giving precise descriptions of relations (which eliminates the need to specify in what position the subject is).

The individuals who specialize in this study are called histologists. The word ‘Anatomy’ and ‘dissection’ have virtually the same meaning in Greek and Latin. There are two types of anatomy: gross, or macroscopic, and microscopic. Dorsal and ventral are sometimes used in place of anterior and posterior, respectively. Anatomy is a branch of the biological science which is concerned with the description of body structures of various living organisms as revealed by dissection. Defends the body against pathogens that may harm the body. Conversely, parietal refers to the outer membrane of a system. Microscopic Anatomy is the study of the structure of cells, tissue and other microscopic parts of the body which cannot be seen through the naked eye. Almost every anatomy department in the world naturally focuses its resources on teaching students the names and details of bones, muscles, vessels, nerves, etc.

The arms are separated slightly from the torso. For example, skin is superficial to bones, and bones are deep to skin. Digestive system and Excretory system: . Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures on the cellular level. Superior meaning toward the head and inferior meaning toward the feet. The system comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called, Collects and processes information from the, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 09:06. For example Types of white blood cells, plants and animals tissues, etc. In the field of medicines and life science sectors, anatomy place a vital role as it helps us to learn about the different parts in an organism, including plants, animals and humans, along with their structure and characteristic features. Lateral is a word used to describe anything which is closer to the outside (toward the arms, in the standard anatomical position) while medial is used to describe anything toward the center of the body. For example, the visceral peritoneum is in direct contact with the abdominal organs. It is distinctly different from anatomy as the latter deals specifically about the structure of the organism. The word anatomy is derived from the Greek word “anatomē”, where “ana” means “up” and “tome” means to “cutting.” Originally, anatomy was first learnt by cutting up corpses, hence the name “anatomy.”. Animal Anatomy – Also called as the zootomy. Posterior refers to the bottom side. There are two types of anatomy: gross, or macroscopic, and microscopic. For example, the knee is intermediate between the gluteal and the foot. 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Deep refers to structures closer to the center of the body region. ; Organizations of living systems. ; Histology is the study of tissues at the microscopic level. For example, the bowels are inferior to the lungs. Plant Anatomy – Also called as the phytotomy. Your email address will not be published. Human Anatomy – Human anatomy involves the study of the physical structure of the human body. Proximal refers to a point closer to the reference point while distal refers to a point farther away. Microscopic Anatomy is the study of the structure of cells, tissue and other microscopic parts of the body which cannot be seen through the naked eye. The thumbs point away from the body.[2]. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Anatomy and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology. Studying regional anatomy helps us appreciate the interrelationships of body structures, such as how muscles, nerves, blood vessels, and other structures work together to serve a particular body region. Toward an end does not necessarily mean close to the end.

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