1950: Petrol, butter and tea rationing abolished. His expedition mapped out the route which was later followed by the Australian Overland Telegraph Line. , The South Australia Act 1842 instituted a different form of Government over the Province of South Australia. After an eight-month voyage around the world, most of the ships took supplies and settlers to Kangaroo Island. 1985: State Election: The Labor Party, led by John Bannon, holds onto government. Land speculation, economic recession and inept administration combined to cause the Wakefield scheme to fail, and South Australia was spending ar more than its revenue.
 Temporary campsites in the Roxby dunefields have been dated to 19,000 years ago, and Aboriginal people have continuously occupied South Australian deserts since at least that time. Aboriginal Australians of various nations or tribes have lived in South Australia for at least thirty thousand years, while British colonists arrived in the 19th century to establish a free colony. Post War Reconstruction and Democratic Rights, List of Mayors and Lord Mayors of Adelaide, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_South_Australian_history&oldid=979329600, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 18,000 BC: Evidence of flint mining activity and rock art in the Koonalda Cave on the. By 1843, 93 km2 (36 sq mi) of land was growing wheat (compared to 0.08 km2 (0.031 sq mi) in 1838).
In the 1860s most of the land revenues were no longer being spent on immigration but instead on public works. The Australian Colonies Government Act  was a landmark development which granted representative constitutions to New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania and the colonies enthusiastically set about writing constitutions which produced democratically progressive parliaments with the British monarch as the symbolic head of state.  After swimming across the mouth of the Murray River alone, Barker was killed by Aboriginals (Sturt thought this might have been out of revenge for the atrocities committed by sealers). In 1855, limited self-government was granted by London to New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. Nevertheless, within three years the colony returned to a pattern of growth, which eventually led to solid expansion.
The history of South Australia includes the history of the Australian state of South Australia since Federation in 1901, and the area's preceding Indigenous and British colonial societies. 1802 The coastline of the land that 32 years later became known as South Australia, was charted by Matthew Flinders.
The colonists learned what the Aborigines had known for thousands of years—that the interior was extremely inhospitable to most forms of permanent settlement. 27 November: Gouger formed the South Australian Association in Britain to found a colony … 1894: The world's second Act granting women suffrage passed in. The situation improved when prospectors returned with their gold finds.  The "wife-collecting trips" to the mainland were violent affairs, sometimes involving killing the women's husbands..
1993: Poker machines installed for first time in South Australia. Until the 1870s South Australia often led Australia in economic growth and depended more completely on primary production than the other colonies. Busy through the 1950s, Woomera played an important role in the development of space technologies.
From 1843 to 1851, the colony was governed by a legislative council of seven appointed members. The settlers were mostly British, but some German settlers, mainly "Old Lutherans", also emigrated in the early years. 1896: Adelaide Hospital Board of Management sacked by the Government. A guarantee of the rights of "any Aboriginal Natives" and their descendants to lands they 'now actually occupied or enjoyed' was included in the 1836 Letters Patent enabling the South Australia Act included.
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