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January 25, 2016

pre socratic greek thinkers

No. I was looking for a prominent philosophers before Socrates, and Voila here is a post with 3 of them. Learn more about the discoveries of Plato. He was also called "The Obscure" and the "Weeping Philosopher", because of the lonely life he led and the nature of his philosophy. Socrates became famous for encouraging people to critically question everything. Athens insiders uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. He is one of the most familiar names in pre-Socratic society, yet we know surprisingly little about him. Thales (c. 624-546 BCE)“The most difficult thing in life is to know yourself.”Thales of Miletus is regarded as one of the fathers of Greek philosophy, being a pivotal point for following generations of famous thinkers, philosophers and scientists. This started with the first attempt by Thales to look at the world from a methodical perspective. He further extended the philosophical views of his master, proposing an “arche” or a principle that he believed to be the basis of the whole universe. The application of nous assigns a certain motion and meaning to this chaos. He was the first to try to explain natural phenomena without the inclusion of myths, by theories and hypothesis, ergo science. High marks, indeed! For Epicurus, the purpose of philosophy was to attain the happy, tranquil life, characterized by ataraxia-peace and freedom from fear-and aponia-the absence of pain. In his only known work, the aptly titled poem On Nature, he tries to unravel the biggest question of all: Is it or is it not? At a time when most philosophers in ancient Greece were using reason and knowledge to interpret nature, Zeno of Elea was devoting his time to elucidating the many puzzles and paradoxes of motion and plurality. But, of course, WE APPLAUD YOU nonetheless. Ancient Greece saw the rise of a plethora of philosophers. Empedocles 9 and 10. But one might argue that his philosophical martyrdom, more than anything else, turned him into the iconic figure that he is today. Zeno was the first in philosophical history to show that the concept of infinity existed. Some legends also indicate that he was the first to teach that the Earth was round. Another pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, Pythagoras is known far more for his theories and ideas in mathematics than in philosophy. As a philosopher, Thales rarely confined his research to the limited area of contemporary knowledge and was actively engaged in understanding various aspects of knowledge such as philosophy, mathematics, science, and geography. In ancient times, people had a rather strong belief in magic and mythology when it came to interpreting the world around them. He also went on to become the first person to give an evolutionary account on the development of species. Anaximander 3. Plato, a student of Socrates, is regarded as the father of political science and the founder of one of the world's first known institutions of higher learning, the Academy in Athens. If a philosophy is not directly applicable to people’s lives, that philosophy is useless. In fact, he is best known for the theorem in geometry that is named after him. He is credited as being the first known writer on philosophy because the first surviving lines of Western philosophy were written by him. Eventually, his beliefs and realistic approach in philosophy led to his end, as he was tried and convicted for criticizing religion and corrupting the youth. I’d give you a pat on the back and a hearty “Well Done,” my boy. He also put forth the idea of opposite motive forces involved in building of the world – namely, love as the cause of union and strife as the cause of separation.

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