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echidna greek mythology

Robert, Louis, "Documents d'Asie Mineure". The region in the vicinity of the ancient Cilician coastal city of Corycus (modern Kızkalesi, Turkey) is often associated with Typhon's birth. [37] But neither Homer nor Hesiod say anything more about where this Arima might be. The parents of Echidna were Tartarus and Gaea. [68] And both were intimately connected to Typhon, and associated with the Corycian cave.[69]. Likewise, the sea serpents which attacked the Trojan priest Laocoön during the Trojan War, which are called by Quintus Smyrnaeus "fearful monsters of the deadly brood of Typhon", may also have been considered Echidna's offspring. [47], For some Arima was instead located in a volcanic plain, on the upper Gediz River, called the Catacecaumene ("Burnt Land"), situated between the ancient kingdoms of Lydia, Mysia and Phrygia, near Mount Tmolus (modern Bozdağ) and Sardis, the ancient capital of Lydia. [50] Strabo also tells us that for "some" Homer's "couch of Typhon" (and hence the Arimoi) was located "in a wooded place, in the fertile land of Hyde", with Hyde being another name for Sardis (or its acropolis), and that Demetrius of Scepsis thought that the Arimoi were most plausibly located "in the Catacecaumene country in Mysia". [48] According to Strabo, some placed the Arimoi, and the battle between Typhon and Zeus at Catacecaumene,[49] while Xanthus of Lydia added that "a certain Arimus" ruled there. Myth, a symbolic narrative, usually of unknown origin and at least partly traditional, that ostensibly relates actual events and that is especially associated with religious belief. She was half woman half snake, lived in a cave, and was known as a mother figure, in this case, as the progenitor of the Scythians (rather than of monsters).[60]. [57], Although for Hesiod Echidna was immortal and ageless,[58] according to Apollodorus Echidna continued to prey on the unfortunate "passers-by" until she was finally killed, while she slept, by Argus Panoptes, the hundred-eyed giant who served Hera. Cerberus, the many-headed dog which guarded the gates of Hades 3. the Lernaean Hydra, the many-headed sea monster which when one of its heads was cut off grew two more 4. the Chimera, a fire breathing beast, part goat and part lion 5. the Caucasian eagle, that every day ate the liver of Prometheus 6. the Crommyonian sow, killed by Theseus 7. the Gorgon 8. the C… For a discussion of Echidna's varying genealogy see Ogden 2013a. According to Hesiod, these two were the offspring of Echidna's son Orthrus and another ambiguous "she", read variously as the Chimera, Echidna herself, or even Ceto. See Also: Typhon, Gaia, Tartarus, Argus Panoptes, Cerberus, Gorgons, Chimera. She asked Heracles what she should do with his sons: "shall I keep them here (since I am queen of this country), or shall I send them away to you?" [45], Just across the Gulf of Issus from Corycus, in ancient Syria, was Mount Kasios (modern Jebel Aqra in Turkey) and the Orontes River, said to be the site of the battle of Typhon and Zeus. Her parents were either the sea deities Phorcys and Ceto (according to Hesiod’s Theogony) or Tartarus and Gaia (in the account of the mythographer Apollodorus); in Hesiod, Tartarus and Gaia are the parents of Echidna’s husband, Typhon. Hesiod gives Orthrus as the father of the Sphinx and the Nemean Lion, but it is unclear whom he meant as their mother: Echidna, the Chimera, or Ceto. She devastated Caria and Lycia until she was slain by Bellerophon. According to Hesiod, Echidna was born in a cave and apparently she lived alone (in that same cave, or perhaps another), as Hesiod describes it, "beneath the secret parts of the holy earth ... deep down under a hollow rock far from the deathless gods and mortal men", a place appointed by the gods, where she "keeps guard in Arima". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [8] In one account, from the Orphic tradition, Echidna was the daughter of Phanes (the Orphic father of all gods). "[10] Hesiod's apparent association of the eating of raw flesh with Echidna's snake half suggests that he may have supposed that Echidna's snake half ended in a snake-head.

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