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January 25, 2016

comedy in literature

Asking that these characters be more realistic, more rounded, would be to ask that Irving abandon his comedic strategy altogether. The word "comedy" is derived from the Classical Greek κωμῳδία kōmōidía, which is a compound of κῶμος kômos (revel) and ᾠδή ōidḗ (singing; ode). In dealing with humans as social beings, all great comic artists have known that they are in the presence of a contradiction: that behind the social being lurks an animal being, whose behaviour often accords very ill with the canons dictated by society. Some might say the kind of pothead humor that arises from his choice of mileu and protagonist sometimes descends to the level of Cheech and Chong, but this is arguably a necessary side effect of the aesthetic strategy Pynchon employs: the world in which Doc Sportello roams is comic precisely because of the perspective the dope-smoking detective provides. "[2] A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. Some of the subgenres of comedy are farce, comedy of manners, burlesque, and satire. Laughter is said to be the cure for being sick. Everett is certainly no ordinary satirst, but I Am Not Sidney Poitier reveals him as primarily a satirical writer. [9][10], Starting from 425 BCE, Aristophanes, a comic playwright and satirical author of the Ancient Greek Theater, wrote 40 comedies, 11 of which survive. In the absence of this sort of harmony between creatural instincts and the dictates of civilization, sundry strains and discontents arise, all bearing witness to the contradictory nature of humanity, which in the comic view is a radical dualism; efforts to follow the way of rational sobriety are forever being interrupted by the infirmities of the flesh. Literature Comedy Books Showing 1-50 of 189 The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, #1) by. Aristotle taught that comedy was generally positive for society, since it brings forth happiness, which for Aristotle was the ideal state, the final goal in any activity. By 200 BC,[28] in ancient Sanskrit drama, Bharata Muni's Natya Shastra defined humour (hāsyam) as one of the nine nava rasas, or principle rasas (emotional responses), which can be inspired in the audience by bhavas, the imitations of emotions that the actors perform. Apart from these, Theatre of the Absurd, Vaudeville, Variety shows, Comedy of Humor, Commedia dell’arte etc are historical formats which have dwindled and almost extinct in terms of production except some unique settings like Broadway, Italian theatre etc. Comedy has been used well in literature, particularly dramatic literature, for centuries.
Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humor, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered. Comedy is a genre of literature in which the purpose is to amuse the audience. [12] In ancient Greece, comedy originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of phallic processions and fertility festivals or gatherings.[13]. These include Romantic Comedy (themes of comedy and romance), Musical Comedy (confluence of music and comedy), etc. [6] During the Middle Ages, the term "comedy" became synonymous with satire, and later with humour in general. "[34] For Stewart and his audience, introducing coarse language into what is otherwise a serious commentary on the state of foreign relations serves to frame the segment comically, creating a serious tone underlying the comedic agenda presented by Stewart. The novelist was on his own. This is what writers do? The genre has roots in Surrealism in the arts.[23]. As such, he is in the line of academic frauds to be found in his namesake's fiction, but he doesn't really act as a focus of satiric attention on literary creation per se. The incongruous is “the essence of the laughable,” said the English essayist William Hazlitt, who also declared, in his essay “On Wit and Humour” in English Comic Writers (1819), “Man is the only animal that laughs and weeps; for he is the only animal that is struck with the difference between what things are, and what they ought to be.”.

That humor deserves to be taken more seriously because it is "subtler and gentler" is the obvious conclusion Wood hopes his readers will draw from his essay. They viewed comedy as simply the "art of reprehension", and made no reference to light and cheerful events, or to the troubling beginnings and happy endings associated with classical Greek comedy.

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